How Taliban, which occupied Afghanistan, had links with Pakistan?

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The Taliban captured Afghanistan’s capital Kabul on Sunday night. Afghanistan’s army then left the front and President Ashraf Ghani left the country.

Meanwhile, the Taliban has announced a new regime soon. Amidst all this, statements from several leaders are emerging that Pakistan has helped the Taliban a lot.

The Taliban was started in 1994

The Taliban began in 1994 with the Soviet Union withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan.

At that time, Mullah Mohammad Omar, the leader of a local group, launched a movement with some Pashtun youths, called the ‘Taliban’ in Pashto.

In the Pashto language, ‘students’ are called ‘Taliban’. The Taliban emerged in religious madrasas and initially, the people who joined the movement came out of Pakistani madrasas.

Pakistan recognizes Taliban

The Taliban captured the capital Kabul in 1996 and captured 90 percent of Afghanistan in the next two years.

The Taliban initially became popular, but they started punishing Muslim Sharia law. Such as public execution and cutting of hands in case of theft etc. This added to the chaos.

Pakistan was then among the three countries in the world (Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates) that recognized the Taliban government.

Changed situation after attack on World Trade Center

After the September 11, 2001 attack on the New York World Trade Center in the United States, the world’s attention was drawn to the Taliban.

The Taliban were accused of harboring Osama bin Laden, the main accused in the attack, and al Qaeda militants.
Then, on October 7, 2001, a US-led military coalition invaded Afghanistan and ended Taliban rule. During that time, senior Taliban leaders had taken shelter in Pakistan.

Pakistan doesn’t attempt a peace deal

Amid the Taliban’s occupation of Afghanistan, the world hoped that Pakistan would pressure the Taliban to negotiate an offer by Afghanistan’s Ghani government to share Taliban power, but it did not.

Terror outfits to get shelter in Afghanistan

Indian security agencies fear that terror outfits like India-centric terror outfits Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed will now find new safe havens in Afghanistan along with Pakistan. From where they will continue to plan attacks against India.

 

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